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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2007 Jan 15;845(2):210-7. Epub 2006 Sep 7.

An improved method for haptoglobin 1-1, 2-1, and 2-2 purification using monoclonal antibody affinity chromatography in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate.

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Research Institute of Biochemical Engineering, College of Biological Science and Technology, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30050, Taiwan, ROC.


Human haptoglobin (Hp) is classified as three phenotypes: Hp 1-1, 2-1, and 2-2. Previously, we had isolated this protein by affinity columns using either hemoglobin or monoclonal antibody (mAb) prepared against Hp beta-chain (clone 8B1-3A). The isolated Hp from both methods, however, contaminates plasma apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I). In the present report, we have developed a novel affinity column procedure using an mAb prepared against alpha-chain of Hp (clone 3H8) for Hp purification. Plasma was first chromatographed onto the column followed by a normal wash with a buffer containing 0.12 M NaCl and 0.02 M phosphate, pH 7.4 (PBS). The bound proteins were then prewashed with a 0.04% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-PBS, pH 7.4, to remove the low-affinity bound apoA-I from Hp. Finally, the bound Hp was eluted with a 0.1% SDS-PBS, pH 11, and collected in tubes containing 1 M Tris-HCl, pH 6.8. As a result, the isolated Hp was devoid of apoA-I and was able to retain the biological function by forming an Hp-hemoglobin complex. The homogeneity of each isolated Hp 1-1, 2-1, or 2-2 was greater than 95% with an yield greater than 50%. The procedure described here is significantly improved in time consumption, recovery, and purity. The rationale, design, and optimization for each step are described in detail.

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