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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006 Sep;50(9):3090-7.

Inhibition of fungal beta-1,3-glucan synthase and cell growth by HM-1 killer toxin single-chain anti-idiotypic antibodies.

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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, 265-1 Higashijima, Niigata 956-8603, Japan.


Single-chain variable-fragment (scFv) anti-idiotypic antibodies of an HM-1 killer toxin (HM-1) from the yeast Williopsis saturnus var. mrakii IFO 0895 have been produced by recombinant DNA technology from the splenic lymphocytes of mice immunized by idiotypic vaccination with a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (nMAb-KT). The fungicidal activity of scFv anti-idiotypic antibodies against the isolates of four Candida species was assessed by MIC analysis. scFv antibodies were fungicidal at concentrations of 1.56 to 12.5 microg/ml in vitro against four Candida species. The scFv antibodies exerted a strong candidacidal activity in vitro, with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) values ranging from 7.3 x 10(-8) to 16.0 x 10(-8) M, and were neutralized by adsorption with nMAb-KT. Furthermore, all scFv antibodies effectively inhibited fungal beta-1,3-glucan synthase activity in vitro, with IC(50) values ranging from 2.0 x 10(-8) to 22.7 x 10(-8) M, values which almost coincide with the values that are inhibitory to the growth of fungal cells. Binding assays showed that the scFv antibodies specifically bind to nMAb-KT, and this binding pattern was confirmed by surface plasmon resonance analysis. The binding ability was further demonstrated by the competition observed between scFv antibodies and HM-1 to bind nMAb-KT. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to show that an antifungal anti-idiotypic antibody, in the form of recombinant scFv, potentially inhibits beta-1,3-glucan synthase activity.

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