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Vet Surg. 2006 Aug;35(6):550-8.

Radiographic evaluation of the Zurich cementless total hip acetabular component.

Author information

1
Affiliated Veterinary Specialists PA and Central Florida Veterinary Radiology PA, Maitland, 32751, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To radiographically evaluate the Zurich cementless total hip (ZCTH) cup and correlate lucency with clinical signs of implant instability, time since surgery, and implant generation, using zonal analysis.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective study.

ANIMALS:

Client-owned dogs (n = 53).

METHODS:

Radiographs of dogs that had ZCTH arthroplasty (>1 year) were evaluated using zonal analysis, for lucency surrounding the cup-bone interface (number of zones, length, area). Dogs were examined for clinical signs of implant instability (lameness, hip pain). Lucency was correlated with lameness, time after surgery, and implant generation.

RESULTS:

Radiographs of 68 implants (18 generation I, 50 generation II) were evaluated. Eight dogs were lame (11.8%). Dogs with lameness were more likely to have lucency in > or =2 zones of analysis (per view), have >2 times the average curvilinear length of lucency, and have >4 times the average area of lucency surrounding the implant compared with non-lame dogs. A weak relationship was observed between time after surgery and implant generation; however, there was no relationship between time after surgery and lucency.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dogs with lameness after ZCTH arthroplasty were more likely to have lucency at the cup-bone interface. Lucency was better evaluated by radiographic projection than zonal analysis. Temporal progression of lucency was weakly correlated with implant generation.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Dogs with lucency in > or =2 zones of analysis should be evaluated more frequently for clinical signs of implant loosening. Further investigation of serial radiographs after ZCTH arthroplasty is warranted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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