Send to

Choose Destination
Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006 May;84(5):555-63.

Prolactin directly enhanced Na+/K+- and Ca2+-ATPase activities in the duodenum of female rats.

Author information

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Rama VI Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand.


Prolactin has recently been shown to directly stimulate 2 components of the active duodenal calcium transport in female rats, i.e., solvent drag-induced and transcellular-active calcium transport. Since the basolateral Na(+)/K(+)- and Ca(2+)-ATPases, respectively, play important roles in these 2 transport mechanisms, the present study aimed to examine the direct actions of prolactin on the activities of both transporters in sexually mature female Wistar rats. The results showed that 200, 400, and 800 ng/mL prolactin produced a significant increase in the total ATPase activity of duodenal crude homogenate in a dose-dependent manner within 60 min (i.e., from a control value of 1.53 +/- 0.13 to 2.29 +/- 0.21 (p < 0.05), 2.68 +/- 0.19 (p < 0.01), and 3.92 +/- 0.33 (p < 0.001) micromol Pi x (mg protein)(-1) x min(-1), respectively). Activity of Na+/K+-ATPase was increased by 800 ng/mL prolactin from 0.17 +/- 0.03 to 1.18 +/- 0.29 micromol Pi x (mg protein)(-1) x min(-1) (p < 0.01). Prolactin at doses of 400 and 600 ng/mL also significantly increased the activities of Ca(2+)-ATPase in crude homogenate from a control value of 0.84 +/- 0.03 to 1.75 +/- 0.29 (p < 0.05), and 2.30 +/- 0.37 (p < 0.001) micromol Pi x (mg protein)(-1) x min(-1). When the crude homogenate was purified for the basolateral membrane, the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activities were elevated 10-fold. In the purified homogenate, 800 ng/mL prolactin increased Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity from 1.79 +/- 0.38 to 2.63 +/- 0.44 micromol Pi x (mg protein)(-1) x min(-1) (p < 0.05), and Ca(2+)-ATPase activity from 0.08 +/- 0.14 to 2.03 +/- 0.23 micromol Pi x (mg protein)(-1) x min-1 (p < 0.001). Because the apical calcium entry was the first important step for the transcellular active calcium transport, the brush border calcium uptake was also investigated in this study. We found that, 8 min after being directly exposed to 800 ng/mL prolactin, the brush border calcium uptake into the duodenal epithelial cells was increased from 0.31 +/- 0.02 to 0.80 +/- 0.28 nmol x (mg protein)(-1) (p < 0.05). It was concluded that prolactin directly and rapidly enhanced the brush border calcium uptake as well as the activities of the basolateral Na(+)/K(+)- and Ca(2+)-ATPases in the duodenal epithelium of female rats. These findings explained the mechanisms by which prolactin stimulated duodenal active calcium absorption.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center