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DNA Repair (Amst). 2006 Jul 13;5(7):816-28.

Analyses of the interaction of WRNIP1 with Werner syndrome protein (WRN) in vitro and in the cell.

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Molecular Cell Biology Laboratory, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Aoba 6-3, Aramaki, Sendai 980-8578, Japan


Werner was originally identified as a protein that interacts with the product of the Werner syndrome (WS) gene, WRN. To examine the function of the WRNIP1/WRN complex in cells, we generated knock-out cell lines that were deficient in either WRN (WRN(-/-)), WRNIP1 (WRNIP10(-/-/-)), or both (WRNIP1(-/-/-)/WRN(-/-)), using a chicken B lymphocyte cell line, DT40. WRNIP1(-/-/-)/WRN(-/-) DT40 cells grew at a similar rate as wild-type cells, but the rate of spontaneous sister-chromatid exchange was augmented compared to that of either of the single mutant cell lines. Moreover, while WRNIP1(-/-/-) and WRN(-/-) cells were moderately sensitive to camptothecin (CPT), double mutant cells showed a synergistic increase in CPT sensitivity. This suggested that WRNIP1 and WRN do not always function cooperatively to repair DNA lesions. The lack of a discernable functional interaction between WRNIP1 and WRN prompted us to reevaluate the nature of the physical interaction between these proteins. We found that MBP-tagged WRNIP1 interacted directly with WRN, and that the interaction was enhanced by the addition of ATP. Mutations in the Walker A motifs of the two proteins revealed that WRNIP1, but not WRN, must bind ATP before an efficient interaction can occur.

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