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Clin Genet. 2006 May;69(5):414-9.

Expanding the phenotypic spectrum of L1CAM-associated disease.

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1
Department of Medical Genetics, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva, Israel. basel@post.tau.ac.il

Abstract

Mutations in the L1CAM gene cause neurological abnormalities of variable severity, including congenital hydrocephalus, agenesis of the corpus callosum, spastic paraplegia, bilaterally adducted thumbs, aphasia, and mental retardation. Inter- and intrafamilial variability is a well-known feature of the L1CAM spectrum, and several patients have a combination of L1CAM mutations and Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). We report on two siblings with a missense mutation in exon 7 (p.P240L) of the L1CAM gene. In one of the siblings, congenital dislocation of the radial heads and HSCR were present. Neither patient had hydrocephalus, adducted thumbs, or absent speech, but both had a hypoplastic corpus callosum. We suggest that L1CAM mutation testing should be considered in male patients with a positive family history compatible with X-linked inheritance and either the combination of agenesis of the CC and HSCR or the combination of agenesis of the CC and limb abnormalities, including abnormalities other than adducted thumbs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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