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J Biochem. 2006 Mar;139(3):399-406.

Identification and characterization of a neutralizing monoclonal antibody for the epitope on HM-1 killer toxin.

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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, 5-13-2 Kamishinei-cho, Niigata 950-208.


Killer toxin-neutralizing monoclonal antibody (nmAb-KT) against HM-1 killer toxin (HM-1) produced by yeast Williopsis saturnus var. mrakii IFO 0895 reduces both the killing and glucan synthase inhibitory activity of HM-1. nmAb-KT is classified as IgG1kappa and has been shown to be ineffective against HYI killer toxin produced by the related yeast W. saturnus var. saturnus IFO 0117. To determine the epitope for nmAb-KT, overlapping peptides were synthesized from the primary structure of HM-1. nmAb-KT reacted with peptides P5 (33NVHWMVTGGST43), P6 (39TGGSTDGKQG48) and P7 (44DGKQGCATIWEGS56), which represent the middle region of the HM-1 sequence. P6 reacted most strongly with nmAb-KT. Combined analysis by immunoblotting, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis and yeast growth inhibition assay showed that nmAb-KT recognizes a specific epitope within peptide P6. The K(d) value of nmAb-KT against HM-1 and P6 were determined to be 5.48 x 10(-9) M and 1.47 x 10(-6) M by SPR analysis, respectively. These results strongly indicate that nmAb-KT binds to HM-1 at the sequence 41GSTDGK46, and not to HYI at the same position. The potential active site of HM-1 involved in the killing activity against sensitive yeast is discussed.

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