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J Endocrinol Invest. 2005 Nov;28(10):905-9.

Exon 5 of the RET proto-oncogene: a newly detected risk exon for familial medullary thyroid carcinoma, a novel germ-line mutation Gly321Arg.

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Department of Molecular Endocrinology, Institute of Endocrinology, Prague, Czech Republic.


Familial medullary thyroid carcinoma (FMTC) is an autosomal dominant inherited disease, characterized by germ-line mutations in the RET proto-oncogene, mainly in exons 10 and 11, but also in exons 13, 14 and 15. Recently, mutations in exons 8 and 16 associated with FMTC were also described. In the herein presented study, single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) method for rapid screening of mutations in the RET proto-oncogene and fluorescent sequencing method were used. In one Czech family with FMTC, we have identified a novel missense point mutation of the RET proto-oncogene in exon 5, that results in substitution of arginine by glycine at codon 321 in the cadherin-like domain of ret protein. It seems that this mutation causes FMTC as no other mutation was found in the classical risk exons (10, 11, 13, 14, 15 and 16) of the RET proto-oncogene. The mutation cosegregates with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) or C cell hyperplasia (CCH) in two patients; two other family members are mutation carriers without clinical signs of MTC so far. To improve the diagnosis of FMTC, analysis of exon 5 of the RET proto-oncogene should be considered in families with no identified classical RET mutations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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