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Am J Cardiol. 2006 Jan 1;97(1):17-20. Epub 2005 Nov 2.

Two-year clinical outcomes after enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) therapy in patients with refractory angina pectoris and left ventricular dysfunction (report from The International EECP Patient Registry).

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. soranzo@upmc.edu

Abstract

Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a noninvasive circulatory assist device that has recently emerged as a treatment option for refractory angina in left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. This 2-year cohort study describes the long-term follow-up of patients who had severe LV dysfunction that was treated with EECP for angina pectoris and reports clinical outcomes, event-free survival rates, and the incidence of repeat EECP. This study included 363 patients who had refractory angina and LV ejection fraction < or =35%. Most patients reported quality of life as poor. After completion of treatment, there was a significant decrease in severity of angina class (p < 0.001), and 72% improved from severe angina to no angina or mild angina. Fifty-two percent of patients discontinued nitroglycerin use. Quality of life improved substantially. At 2 years this decrease in angina was maintained in 55% of patients. The 2-year survival rate was 83%, and the major adverse cardiovascular event-free survival rate was 70%. Forty-three percent had no reported cardiac hospitalization; 81% had no reported congestive heart failure events. Repeat EECP was performed in 20% of these patients. The only significant independent predictor of repeat EECP in a proportional hazard model was failure to complete the first EECP treatment course (hazard ratio 2.9, 95% confidence interval 1.7 to 4.9). Improvements in angina symptoms and quality of life were maintained at 2 years. In conclusion, for patients who have high-risk LV dysfunction, EECP offers an effective, durable therapeutic approach for refractory angina. Decreased angina and improvement in quality of life were maintained at 2 years, with modest repeat EECP and low major cardiovascular event rates.

PMID:
16377276
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.07.122
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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