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J Learn Disabil. 2005 Mar-Apr;38(2):142-57.

The diversity of attention deficits in ADHD: the prevalence of four cognitive factors in ADHD versus controls.

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Department of Psychology, Tel-Aviv University, Israel.


The performance of participants with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relative to control participants was measured on four tasks uniquely assessing the functions of selective attention, executive attention, sustained attention, and orienting of attention. The results showed that deficits in sustained attention were the most pronounced, characterizing most participants with ADHD and deficits in each of the other three functions characterized more than half of these participants. Different participants with ADHD revealed different clusters of attentional deficits. These results call for a revision of leading theories of ADHD that identify the core of the pathology as a sole deficit in executive functions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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