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Phytomedicine. 2004 Jul;11(5):452-60.

The treatment of skin carcinoma, induced by UV B radiation, using 1-oxo-5beta, 6beta-epoxy-witha-2-enolide, isolated from the roots of Withania somnifera, in a rat model.

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Ambedkar Centerfor Biomedical Research, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007, India.


Histopathological studies of the cutaneous tissues of Wistar rats exposed to UV B radiation (294 nm) for 20 days and rats exposed to UV B radiation for 20 days, followed by topical treatment with benzoyl peroxide, a tumor promoter (20 mg/animal/0.2 ml acetone) twice a week for 1 month, and kept under observation for 12 weeks, demonstrate the development of malignancy. Pretreatment of the animals with 1-oxo-5beta, 6beta-epoxy-witha-2-enolide (20 mg/kg bwt.), isolated from the roots of Withania somnifera, prior to exposing the animals to UV B radiation, prevents the incidence of skin carcinoma. The administration of 1-oxo-5beta, 6beta-epoxy-witha-2-enolide, to the animals after exposing them to UV B radiation/UV B radiation and benzoyl peroxide also prevents the occurrence of malignancy in the cutaneous tissue. Immunohistochemical staining of the cutaneous tissues of rats exposed to UV B radiation show the presence of p53 + foci (clusters of cells containing the mutated p53 protein), whereas an absence of p53 + foci is observed in animals pretreated with 1-oxo-5beta, 6beta-epoxy-witha-2-enolide. These results prove that 1-oxo-5beta, 6beta-epoxy-witha-2-enolide has the potential for acting as an effective agent to prevent the incidence of skin carcinoma induced by UV B radiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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