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Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003 Dec;82(12):1080-5.

The relationship between carbohydrate intake and glucose tolerance in pregnant women.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yamanashi Medical University, Tamaho, Yamanashi, Japan.



We verified whether a misdiagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus can result in pregnant women when glucose tolerance has deteriorated after a low-carbohydrate meal, and tried to elucidate the mechanism behind the different outcome of the test.


Twenty-seven pregnant women were given directions for their evening meal the day before each of two 75-g oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT). The evening meal was either a low-carbohydrate meal (carbohydrate, 6.7%; Low), or a high-carbohydrate meal (carbohydrate, 85.7%; High).


The OGTT showed that the glucose tolerance was significantly impaired after Low than after High, with a significant increase of fasting plasma non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) level. Moreover, the insulinogenic index (I-I) after High significantly decreased than that after Low.


The present data suggests that there is a risk of misdiagnosis of impaired glucose tolerance with only one intake of this extremely low-carbohydrate meal on the evening before testing. The decrease of insulin secretion and the activation of glucose-fatty acid cycle may be considered as the mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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