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In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim. 2003 Mar-Apr;39(3-4):124-30.

Molecular detection of cell line cross-contaminations using amplified fragment length polymorphism DNA fingerprinting technology.

Author information

1
Istituto di Zootecnica, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense, 84, 29100 Piacenza, Italy.

Abstract

We have tested amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technology, in comparison with isoenzyme analysis, for the simultaneous detection of inter- and intraspecific cell line cross-contaminations (CCCs) in the cell line collection held at the Istituto Zooprofilattico della Lombardia e dell'Emilia Romagna. Isoenzyme analysis identified four cases of interspecific CCCs. In a single experiment, AFLP was able to identify the species of origin of all cell lines for which a reference genomic deoxyribonucleic acid was available and to detect five interspecific contaminations. Four CCCs confirmed data on isoenzymes, whereas the fifth CCC was detected in a species for which isoenzyme analysis was noninformative. In addition, AFLP was able to identify the putative source of the contaminations detected. The utility of the technology in the detection of intraspecific cell line contaminations depends on the number of cell lines that have to be distinguished in a specific species and on the availability of highly informative fingerprinting systems. In mice, a single AFLP primer pair produced 16 polymorphisms and distinguished all the 15 strains of mouse cell lines analyzed. In humans, 18 AFLPs identified 83 different profiles in the 159 cell lines analyzed. Amplified fragment length polymorphism can conveniently be applied for cell line fingerprinting in species for which hypervariable markers are not available. In species for which a highly informative multiplex of microsatellite markers is available, AFLP can still provide a useful and cheap tool for simultaneously testing inter- and intraspecific contaminations.

PMID:
14505435
DOI:
10.1007/s11626-003-0006-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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