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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2003 Jun 15;167(12):1695-703. Epub 2003 Mar 5.

Expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-3 beta/CCL19 in pulmonary sarcoidosis.

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Department of Immunology, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic.


In this study, messenger RNA (mRNA) expression for novel T lymphocyte chemoattractants, leukotactin-1, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3 alpha and MIP-3 beta was investigated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells from patients with sarcoidosis, a T cell-mediated disease with typical CD4+ lymphocyte alveolitis. Of these three chemokines, only MIP-3 beta mRNA was upregulated in sarcoidosis, and therefore, protein levels of this chemokine, its pharmacologic regulation, and association with disease clinical course were explored. MIP-3 beta protein concentrations were elevated in BALF from sarcoid patients compared with control subjects (p = 0.001) and in patients with chest X-ray stage II chemokine protein levels were increased compared with stage I (p = 0.003). MIP-3 beta protein was associated predominantly with alveolar macrophages and correlated with BALF lymphocytes and T cell subsets. mRNA expression for the MIP-3 beta receptor, CC chemokine receptor 7, was increased in sarcoidosis and correlated with MIP-3 beta protein levels. MIP-3 beta mRNA and protein expression in BALF cells was suppressed by dexamethasone and cyclosporine A in vitro. In conclusion, MIP-3 beta is implicated in T lymphocyte recruitment in sarcoidosis, is associated with disease progression, and is downregulated by drugs used for sarcoidosis treatment. This novel chemokine, therefore, represents a candidate for studies of sarcoidosis pathobiologic mechanisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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