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J Cell Biol. 2002 Aug 5;158(3):395-9. Epub 2002 Aug 5.

Hijacking the translation apparatus by RNA viruses.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305, USA.

Abstract

As invading viruses do not harbor functional ribosomes in their virions, successful amplification of the viral genomes requires that viral mRNAs compete with cellular mRNAs for the host cell translation apparatus. Several RNA viruses have evolved remarkable strategies to recruit the host translation initiation factors required for the first steps in translation initiation by host cell mRNAs. This review describes the ways that three families of RNA viruses effectively usurp limiting translation initiation factors from the host.

PMID:
12163463
PMCID:
PMC2173839
DOI:
10.1083/jcb.200205044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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