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J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2002 Apr-Jun;15(2):48-64.

Preliminary effects of brief school-based prevention approaches for reducing youth suicide--risk behaviors, depression, and drug involvement.

Author information

1
Psychosocial and Community Health, University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, USA. eggert@u.washington.edu

Abstract

PROBLEM:

Few empirically tested, school-based, suicide-prevention programs exist. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postintervention efficacy of Counselors-CARE (C-CAST) and Coping and Support Training (CAST) vs. "usual care" controls for reducing suicide risk.

METHODS:

A randomized prevention trial; 341 potential dropouts, 14 to 19 years old, from seven high schools (52% female, 56% minorities) participated. Trend analyses using data from three time points assessed over time changes.

FINDINGS:

Significant decreases occurred for all youth in suicide-risk behaviors, depression, and drug involvement. Intervention-specific effects occurred for decreases in depression.

CONCLUSIONS:

School-based prevention approaches are feasible and show promise for reducing suicidal behaviors and related depression.

PMID:
12083753
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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