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Stem Cells. 2002;20(1):61-72.

Marked increase in number of dendritic cells in autoimmune-prone (NZW x BXSB)F1 mice with age.

Author information

1
First Department of Pathology, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi City, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Here, we report that the number of CD11c(+)CD3(-) B220(-) cells increases in autoimmune-prone male (NZW x BXSB)F1 (W/BF1) mice with age. The CD11c(+)CD3(-)B220(-) cells from W/BF1 mice show a typical stellate shape and induce the proliferation of T cells. In the CD11c(+)CD3(-)B220(-) cells from W/BF1 mice, CD11b (Mac-1alpha), NK 1.1, and CD95 (Fas) are upregulated in comparison with normal mice, while the expression of CD8alpha, CD117 (c-kit), CD135 (Flk-2/Flt-3), and Sca-1 decreases. There is a significant increase in Flt-3L (FL) mRNA in the bone marrow of W/BF1 mice with age. Moreover, activated hemopoietic cells express high levels of FL. The injection of CD11c(+)CD3(-)B220(-) cells from old W/BF1 mice to young W/BF1 mice transiently induces autoimmune disease (thrombocytopenia). These results suggest that hyperproduction of FL from activated hemopoietic cells induces a dramatic increase in the number of dendritic cells in aged W/BF1 mice, followed by the acceleration of autoimmunity.

PMID:
11796923
DOI:
10.1634/stemcells.20-1-61
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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