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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Sep 25;98(20):11491-6. Epub 2001 Sep 11.

Complete, long-lasting protection against malaria of mice primed and boosted with two distinct viral vectors expressing the same plasmodial antigen.

Author information

1
Department of Medical and Molecular Parasitology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10010, USA.

Abstract

We report that complete protection against malaria and total inhibition of liver stage development and parasitemia was obtained in 100% of BALB/c mice primed with a replication-defective recombinant adenovirus expressing the circumsporozoite (CS) protein of Plasmodium yoelii (AdPyCS), followed by a booster with an attenuated recombinant vaccinia virus, expressing the same malaria antigen, VacPyCS. We found increased levels of activated CS-specific CD8(+) and CD4(+) T cells, higher anti-sporozoite antibody titers, and greater protection in these mice, when the time between priming and boosting with these two viral vectors was extended from 2 to 8 or more weeks. Most importantly, by using this immunization regimen, the protection of the immunized mice was found to be long-lasting, namely complete resistance to infection of all animals 3 1/2 months after priming. These results indicate that immunization with AdPyCS generates highly effective memory T and B cells that can be recalled long after priming by boosting with VacPyCS.

PMID:
11553779
PMCID:
PMC58757
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.191380898
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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