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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001 Jul 2;1527(1-2):54-60.

Epitopes in the interacting regions of beta-dystroglycan (PPxY motif) and dystrophin (WW domain).

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MRIC Biochemistry Group, North East Wales Institute, Mold Road, LL11 2AW, Wrexham, UK.


The dystroglycan gene produces two products from a single mRNA, the extracellular alpha-dystroglycan and the transmembrane beta-dystroglycan. The Duchenne muscular dystrophy protein, dystrophin, associates with the muscle membrane via beta-dystroglycan, the WW domain of dystrophin interacting with a PPxY motif in beta-dystroglycan. A panel of four monoclonal antibodies (MANDAG1-4) was produced using the last 16 amino acids of beta-dystroglycan as immunogen. The mAbs recognized a 43 kDa band on Western blots of all cells and tissues tested and stained the sarcolemma in immunohistochemistry of skeletal muscle over a wide range of animal species. A monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the WW domain of dystrophin, MANHINGE4A, produced using a 16-mer synthetic peptide, recognized dystrophin on Western blots and also stained the sarcolemma. We have identified the precise sequences recognized by the mAbs using a phage-displayed random 15-mer peptide library. A 7-amino-acid consensus sequence SPPPYVP involved in binding all four beta-dystroglycan mAbs was identified by sequencing 17 different peptides selected from the library. PPY were the most important residues for three mAbs, but PxxVP were essential residues for a fourth mAb, MANDAG2. By sequencing five different random peptides from the library, the epitope on dystrophin recognized by mAb MANHINGE4A was identified as PWxRA in the first beta-strand of the WW domain, with the W and R residues invariably present. A recent three-dimensional structure confirms that the two epitopes are adjacent in the dystrophin-dystroglycan complex, highlighting the question of how the two interacting motifs can also be accessible to antibodies during immunolocalization in situ.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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