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J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2000 Sep;26(5):1228-44.

Surface form typicality and asymmetric transfer in episodic memory for spoken words.

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Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.


A series of experiments was conducted to determine whether the typicality of the surface form of speech would affect memory retention of spoken words. For each surface characteristic studied, a continuous-recognition-memory task was used in which listeners based recognition judgments on word identity alone. For "typical" items, repetition benefits did not depend on whether the surface forms of the 1st and 2nd occurrences matched or mismatched. For "atypical" items, a larger repetition benefit occurred when the surface forms of the 2 occurrences matched. These results suggest that episodic memory for spoken words may be directly related to the perceived typicality of particular surface characteristics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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