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J Immunol. 2000 May 15;164(10):5005-9.

Cutting edge: the IgG response to the circumsporozoite protein is MHC class II-dependent and CD1d-independent: exploring the role of GPIs in NK T cell activation and antimalarial responses.

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Department of Medical and Molecular Parasitology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10010, USA.


Biochemical analysis has suggested that self GPI anchors are the main natural ligand associated with mouse CD1d molecules. A recent study reported that Valpha14+ NK T cells responded to self as well as foreign (parasite-derived) GPIs in a CD1d-dependent manner. It further reported that the IgG response to the Plasmodium berghei malarial circumsporozoite (CS) protein was severely impaired in CD1d-deficient mice, leading to a model whereby NK T cells, upon recognition of CD1d molecules presenting the CS-derived GPI anchor, provide help for B cells secreting anti-CS Abs. We tested this model by comparing the anti-CS Ab responses of wild-type, CD1d-deficient, and MHC class II-deficient mice. We found that the IgG response to the CS protein was solely MHC class II-dependent. Furthermore, by measuring the response of a broad panel of CD1d-autoreactive T cells to GPI-deficient CD1d-expressing cells, we found that GPIs were not required for autoreactive responses.

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