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J Invest Dermatol. 1999 Dec;113(6):947-53.

Autoantibodies in a subgroup of patients with linear IgA disease react with the NC16A domain of BP1801.

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1
Department of Dermatology, University of Würzburg, Germany. zillikens-d.derma@mail.uni-wuerzburg.de

Abstract

Linear IgA disease is an autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease characterized by IgA deposits at the cutaneous basement membrane zone. IgA antibodies from linear IgA disease sera react with antigens of 97 kDa (LABD97) and 120 kDa (LAD-1), both of which appear to be fragments of the extracellular domain of bullous pemphigoid 180 (type XVII collagen). The aim of this study was to determine whether linear IgA disease sera react with the immunodominant region of BP180 (NC16A domain), which is a major target of IgG autoantibodies produced by patients with bullous pemphigoid. Indeed, 11 of 50 linear IgA disease sera were found to contain IgA autoantibodies that recognized a recombinant form of NC16A by immunoblotting. The same sera also reacted with NC16A by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. An epitope mapping analysis uncovered four linear IgA disease-associated epitopes located within the 45 amino acid N-terminal stretch of NC16A, all of which were previously identified as antigenic sites targeted by bullous pemphigoid autoantibodies. Eight of the linear IgA disease sera that were reactive with NC16A also recognized LAD-1 secreted by the SCC-25 cell line, and five sera recognized BP180 extracted from keratinocytes. Linear IgA disease sera depleted of reactivity to NC16A by immunoadsorption continued to react with both the LAD-1 antigen and BP180 by immunoblotting and with the basement membrane zone by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy. Our results demonstrate that IgA autoantibodies from a subset of linear IgA disease patients react with the same sites on BP180 that are targeted by IgG autoantibodies in bullous pemphigoid.

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