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Neurobiol Aging. 1999 May-Jun;20(3):249-57.

Beta-amyloid precursor protein is detectable on monocytes and is increased in Alzheimer's disease.

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Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Montréal Neurological Institute, McGill University, PQ, Canada.


Using the anti-beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP) monoclonal antibodies 4G8, 6E10 and 22C11 and flow cytometry, we report that human circulating peripheral blood monocytes display surface immunoreactivity for betaAPP. In contrast, circulating lymphocytes do not possess cell surface betaAPP immunoreactivity, despite similar levels of betaAPP expression. Immunoblotting analysis showed that monocytes, but not lymphocytes, possess an 82 kDa C-terminal betaAPP fragment consistent with a processed transmembrane species. Monocyte surface betaAPP was upregulated approximately threefold by activation with lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma, activation did not produce detectable betaAPP on the cell surface of lymphocytes. Surface betaAPP immunoreactivity was reduced in a normal aged population compared to normal young controls (Young = 81.07 +/- 13.67 mean fluorescence units, Aged = 36.74 +/- 3.81, p < 0.01), but was significantly increased in AD subjects compared to age-matched healthy controls (AD = 60.31 +/- 7.42, p < 0.05). Our data suggest that a proportion of peripheral A beta may be derived from monocyte/macrophages, and that defects in brain cell processing of betaAPP in AD may be shared by this readily accessible peripheral cell.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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