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Neurol Sci. 2018 Dec;39(12):2159-2168. doi: 10.1007/s10072-018-3566-0. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Whole body vibration and treadmill training in Parkinson's disease rehabilitation: effects on energy cost and recovery phases.

Author information

1
Interdepartmental Research Centre on Biology and Pathology of Aging, University of Pisa, Via Roma 55, I-56126, Pisa, Italy. s.corbianco@ao-pisa.toscana.it.
2
Human Movement and Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, Pisa, Italy. s.corbianco@ao-pisa.toscana.it.
3
Interdepartmental Research Centre on Biology and Pathology of Aging, University of Pisa, Via Roma 55, I-56126, Pisa, Italy.
4
Human Movement and Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, Pisa, Italy.
5
Neurorehabilitation Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Pisana, Pisa, Italy.
6
NeuroCare Onlus, Pisa, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although physical treatment is recognized as being beneficial for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), there is scant literature on the type of rehabilitation program most useful for patients with PD. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of two different training protocols (aerobic treadmill training, AER and whole body vibration training, WBVT) on energy cost and adaptations after exercise and recovery phases, by means of the oxygen consumption measurement and the assay of metabolic biochemical substrates.

METHODS:

Twenty male patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, aged 51-66 years, were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned to the training groups. The total work time was 20 min per group for 4 weeks, four times a week. In both groups, training intensity was monitored by the ratings of perceived exertion (RPE). Workload was gradually increased until patients worked up to the exertion level of 13 to 15 on the 20-point Borg scale RPE. The outcome measures were oxygen consumption, free fatty acid (FFA), and amino acid (AA) levels.

RESULTS:

The oxygen consumption during exercises does not show significant differences between the two training groups. Instead, only in the AER group, excess post-exercise oxygen consumption measurements increased significantly (p < 0.01) as well as FFA availability (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

The WBVT does not appear to require a long time of recovery and leads to less feeling of fatigue, whereas AER needs an appropriate recovery time after the training session.

KEYWORDS:

Amino acids; Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption; Free fatty acids; Parkinson’s disease; Rehabilitation; Vibration

PMID:
30229379
DOI:
10.1007/s10072-018-3566-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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