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Growth Factors. 2017 Oct;35(4-5):189-200. doi: 10.1080/08977194.2017.1401619.

Can whole body vibration exercises affect growth hormone concentration? A systematic review.

Author information

1
a Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Médicas , Faculdade de Ciências Médicas Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.
2
b Departamento de Biofísica e Biometria , Laboratório de Vibrações Mecânicas e Práticas Integrativas e Complementares, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.
3
c Programa de Pós-graduação em Fisiopatologia Clínica e Experimental , Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.
4
d Programa de Pós Graduação em Biociências , Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.
5
e CyMO Research Institute , Valladolid , Spain.
6
f Experimental Laboratory for Auxo-endocrinological Research, Division of Auxology and Metabolic Diseases , IRCCS, Istituto Auxologico Italiano , Verbania and Milan , Italy.

Abstract

Whole body vibration (WBV) has been recognized as an effective alternative exercise modality to resistance exercise for its ability in enhancing force and power, generating capacity in skeletal muscle, increasing bone mass and improving cardiovascular function. Since the effect of WBV exercises on growth hormone (GH) levels has been never compared and discussed, the aim of this study was to review systematically the literature to verify the WBV effects on GH concentration. By using PubMed, Scopus and PEDRo databases with the keywords 'growth hormone' or GH and 'whole body vibration' or WBV, we found and analysed 12 papers (182 subjects recruited), verifying their level of evidence (National Health and Medical Research Council hierarchy of evidence) and the methodological quality (PEDRo scale). Although WBV induced GH responses in nine out of 12 publications, caution should be however taken when considering the results due to the markedly different methodologies among these publications.

KEYWORDS:

GH; PubMed; Scopus and PEDRo databases; Whole body vibration exercises; oscillating/vibratory platform

PMID:
29228887
DOI:
10.1080/08977194.2017.1401619
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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