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Osteoporos Int. 2017 Sep;28(9):2619-2631. doi: 10.1007/s00198-017-4100-6. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Determinants of bone mineral density in young Australian women; results from the Safe-D study.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Level 4, Clinical Sciences Building, Parkville, VIC, 3050, Australia.
2
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
3
Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
4
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
5
Melbourne EpiCentre, Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
6
Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Level 4, Clinical Sciences Building, Parkville, VIC, 3050, Australia. jdwark@unimelb.edu.au.
7
Bone and Mineral Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia. jdwark@unimelb.edu.au.

Abstract

The study aimed to explore determinants of bone parameters in young women. Most bone parameters were associated with height and lean mass. Bone parameters were not associated with vitamin D status. Future research should address whether interventions aimed at improving lean mass are beneficial to bone health in young women.

INTRODUCTION:

The implementation of prevention strategies during young adulthood may be crucial for osteoporosis prevention in later life, yet literature examining the determinants of bone health in premenopausal women is limited. We aimed to assess determinants of bone health, including serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), in females aged 16-25 years, living in Victoria, Australia, recruited through Facebook advertising.

METHODS:

Serum 25OHD was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and bone health was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) in 326 participants.

RESULTS:

Mean (± standard deviation) serum 25OHD was 69 ± 28 nmol/L and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (serum 25OHD <50 nmol/L) was 26%. Seven percent of participants (n = 23) reported taking a vitamin D supplement. Two percent of participants had low lumbar spine bone mineral density (Z-score <-2.0), 5% at the hip and 7% at the femoral neck. Serum 25OHD levels were not associated with DXA bone parameters, nor with pQCT bone parameters. Most bone parameters were positively associated with height and lean mass.

CONCLUSION:

Vitamin D status was not associated with bone health in young women in the current study. Our findings suggest that targeting other modifiable factors, such as lean body mass, is likely to be beneficial to bone health in young women. Longitudinal studies examining the association between vitamin D status and bone health in young women are necessary to confirm our findings. In addition, whether raising 25OHD levels is advantageous for young women's bone health is yet to be determined.

KEYWORDS:

Bone; DXA; Osteoporosis; Vitamin D; Young women; pQCT

PMID:
28660495
DOI:
10.1007/s00198-017-4100-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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