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Hypertens Res. 2017 Sep;40(9):825-830. doi: 10.1038/hr.2017.44. Epub 2017 Apr 6.

Cardiovascular calcification and subcortical bone demineralization in hypertension.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiothoracic Sciences, Second University of Naples, Azienda Ospedaliera dei Colli Monaldi Hospital, Naples, Italy.
2
Department of Scuola Medica Salernitana, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy.

Abstract

The present study investigated cardiovascular calcification, peripheral bone mineral density (BMD), and lab indices in hypertensive patients aged 55-74 years without severe kidney dysfunction. Cardiovascular calcification was investigated by ultrasound examinations at eight sites: aortic valve, left and right common carotid artery, left and right carotid artery bifurcation, left and right internal carotid artery, and abdominal aorta. The presence/absence of calcification at each site was coded as 1/0, respectively, for the calculation of a cumulative score. Peripheral bone mineral density was assessed by forearm quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and was defined as low if the T-score was <-1. Lab work-up included plasma creatinine, calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone and 25-(OH) vitamin D measurements. Ninety-one patients were studied. The range was 2-8 for the calcification score and 229-492 mg cm-3 for bone mineral density. The prevalence of low bone densitometry was 83.5%. The calcification score and bone densitometry were inversely correlated in a non-adjusted analysis (R=-0.297, P=0.004) and in multivariable regression (beta=-0.335, P=0.003). The association was significant for subcortical bone (beta=-0.302, P=0.007) but not for cortical bone or trabecular bone (P⩾0.194 in both cases). The calcification score was associated with a low prevalence of bone densitometry in the non-adjusted analysis (odds ratio=2.53, 95% CI=1.41/4.54, P=0.002) and in the multivariable logistic regression (odds ratio=2.46, 95% CI=1.25/4.81, P=0.009). Cardiovascular calcification was independently associated with peripheral bone densitometry in hypertensive patients. The data support the hypothesis that vascular calcification and low bone densitometry share some determinants in hypertensive patients.

PMID:
28381870
DOI:
10.1038/hr.2017.44
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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