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Pediatr Nurs. 1993 Mar-Apr;19(2):175-9.

A comparison of growth patterns in breast and bottle-fed infants with congenital heart disease.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe the feeding and growth patterns of breast and bottle-fed infants with congenital heart disease.

METHODOLOGY:

A descriptive correlational design was used to examine relationships between incidence of breast feeding, severity of disease, and patterns of weight gain for 45 mother-infants dyads.

FINDINGS:

Using chi square analysis, length of hospital stay was found to be significantly related to the decision to switch from breast to bottle feeding. Bottle-fed infants fell significantly off their individual growth curves than did breast-fed infants.

CONCLUSIONS:

Severity of cardiac defect was not a predictor of the infant's ability to breast feed nor of the duration of breast feeding after discharge. Maternal variables may account for initial failure of breast feeding.

PMID:
8502500
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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