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J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2002 Jun;52(6):732-41.

Sources of atmospheric carbonaceous particulate matter in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.

Abstract

The organic carbon (OC)/elemental carbon (EC) tracer method is applied to the Pittsburgh, PA, area to estimate the contribution of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) to the monthly average concentration of organic particulate matter (PM) during 1995. An emissions inventory is constructed for the primary emissions of OC and EC in the area of interest. The ratio of primary emissions of OC to those of EC ranges between 2.4 in the winter months and 1.0 in the summer months. A mass balance model and ambient measurements were used to assess the accuracy of the emissions inventory. It is estimated to be accurate to within 50%. The results from this analysis show a strong monthly dependence of the SOA contribution to the total organic PM concentration, varying from near zero during winter months to as much as 50% of the total OC concentration in the summer.

PMID:
12074430
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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