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Fertil Steril. 2003 Jan;79(1):112-9.

The Ontario Uterine Fibroid Embolization Trial. Part 1. Baseline patient characteristics, fibroid burden, and impact on life.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. g.pron@utoronto.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine baseline characteristics of women undergoing uterine artery embolization (UAE) for symptomatic fibroids.

DESIGN:

Multicenter, prospective, single-arm clinical treatment trial.

SETTING:

Eight Ontario university and community hospitals.

PATIENT(S):

Five hundred fifty-five women undergoing UAE for fibroids.

INTERVENTION(S):

Baseline questionnaires completed before UAE.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Questionnaires were analyzed for demographic, medical, and gynecologic histories. Fibroid symptoms, impact of symptoms, previous consultations, and treatments were also analyzed.

RESULT(S):

The Ontario cohort (66% white, 23% black, 11% other races) had an average age of 43. Thirty-one percent were under age 40. Most women were university educated (68%) and working outside the home (85%). Women reported heavy menstrual bleeding (80%), urinary urgency/frequency (73%), pain during intercourse (41%), and work absences (40%). They experienced fibroid-related symptoms for an average of 5 years and consulted with on average of three gynecologists before UAE. High fibroid life-impact scores were reported by 58%. Black women were significantly younger (40.7 vs. 44.0 years), more likely to experience symptoms longer (7 vs. 5 years), and more likely to undergo myomectomy before UAE (24% vs. 9%) than white women.

CONCLUSION(S):

Our study illustrates that large numbers of women with highly symptomatic fibroid disease are averse to surgery despite their burden of suffering and are actively seeking alternatives to hysterectomy.

PMID:
12524073
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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