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Epilepsia. 2007 Dec;48(12):2273-9. Epub 2007 Jul 25.

Effects of noninvasive transcutaneous electrical stimulation via concentric ring electrodes on pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, Louisiana 71272, USA. walterb@latech.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the antiepileptic effects of a novel noninvasive stimulation technique, transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TcES) via scalp concentric ring electrodes, on pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) in rats.

METHODS:

Five minutes after the onset of SE, TcES was administered to the experimental rat via bipolar concentric ring electrode at the CZ location. Symmetrical, biphasic, charge-balanced, constant current, isolated pulses were applied via a custom-made stimulator. TcES parameters ranged from 200-750 Hz, 200 or 300 mus pulse duration, and 50 or 60 mA, applied for 1 min, started with the least intense parameter set and progressively increased.

RESULTS:

TcES attenuated electrographic seizure activity and halted the progression of behavioral seizures. Interruption of seizure activity outlasted the period of stimulation and appeared to be long-lasting. TcES treatment significantly extended the life and enhanced the survival of rats after SE.

CONCLUSIONS:

Noninvasive TcES, applied 5 min after SE onset via novel concentric ring electrodes on the scalp, reduced, or abolished electrographic and behavioral seizure activity in pilocarpine-induced SE in rats. These findings suggest that TcES may have a role in the treatment of SE.

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