Send to

Choose Destination
  • Showing results for a modified search because your search retrieved no results.
Can J Ophthalmol. 2012 Apr;47(2):145-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2012.01.007. Epub 2012 Mar 14.

Anaesthetic plus dilating gel improves pupil dilation for cataract surgery.

Author information

Department of Ophthalmology, Queen's University. Kingston, Ontario, Canada.



To evaluate the efficacy of a combination anaesthetic plus dilating gel (ADG) on pupil dilation (PD) and corneal anaesthesia (KA) compared to traditional preoperative pharmacotherapy for cataract surgery.


Prospective, noninferiority study.


We studied 20 consenting adults who experienced unilateral cataracts and underwent routine cataract surgery, receiving the traditional preoperative pharmacologic regimen in the operated eye (control eye): diclofenac 0.1%, gentamicin 0.3%, cyclopentolate 1%, phenylephrine 2.5%, and tropicamide 1% 60 and 20 minutes prior to surgery. They then received tetracaine 0.5% and povidone-iodine 5% 10 minutes prior to surgery; and were given tetracaine 0.5%, povidone-iodine 5%, and lidocaine 2% gel 1 minute prior to surgery. Epinephrine 0.1%, 1 cc per 500 mL bag of balanced saline salt solution was administered during surgery. The nonoperated eye (study eye) received tetracaine 0.5%, povidone-iodine 5%, and 0.35 cc ADG gel (phenylephrine 10%, tropicamide 1%, diclofenac 0.1%, and lidocaine 2%) 60 and 10 minutes prior to surgery. PD and KA were measured at baseline, at 30 minutes, and at 5 minutes prior to surgery, and at 5 minutes after surgery.


There was no difference in PD (p = 0.2634) or KA (p = 0.6058) between the study eyes and the control eyes at baseline. Preoperatively, greater mydriasis was achieved in the study eye (7.95 ± 0.91 mm vs 7.17 ± 1.25 mm; p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in preoperative KA between the study and control eyes (1.5 ± 2.2 mm vs 1.4 ± 2.1 mm; p = 0.77).


The combination ADG for preoperative preparation of cataract patients achieves at least equivalent dilation and corneal anaesthesia as the current preoperative pharmacologic regimen.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center