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Am J Physiol. 1999 Oct;277(4 Pt 1):C645-51.

Transport of thiamine in human intestine: mechanism and regulation in intestinal epithelial cell model Caco-2.

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Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Long Beach, California, 90822, USA.


The present study examined the intestinal uptake of thiamine (vitamin B(1)) using the human-derived intestinal epithelial cells Caco-2 as an in vitro model system. Thiamine uptake was found to be 1) temperature and energy dependent and occurred with minimal metabolic alteration; 2) pH sensitive; 3) Na(+) independent; 4) saturable as a function of concentration with an apparent Michaelis-Menten constant of 3.18 +/- 0.56 microM and maximal velocity of 13.37 +/- 0.94 pmol. mg protein(-1). 3 min(-1); 5) inhibited by the thiamine structural analogs amprolium and oxythiamine, but not by unrelated organic cations tetraethylammonium, N-methylnicotinamide, and choline; and 6) inhibited in a competitive manner by amiloride with an inhibition constant of 0.2 mM. The role of specific protein kinase-mediated pathways in the regulation of thiamine uptake by Caco-2 cells was also examined using specific modulators of these pathways. The results showed possible involvement of a Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-mediated pathway in the regulation of thiamine uptake. No role for protein kinase C- and protein tyrosine kinase-mediated pathways in the regulation of thiamine uptake was evident. These results demonstrate the involvement of a carrier-mediated system for thiamine uptake by Caco-2 intestinal epithelial cells. This system is Na(+) independent and is different from the transport systems of organic cations. Furthermore, a CaM-mediated pathway appears to play a role in regulating thiamine uptake in these cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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