Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2016 Jul 28;51(9):744-53. doi: 10.1080/10934529.2016.1170446. Epub 2016 May 5.

Detection of azo dyes and aromatic amines in women undergarment.

Author information

1
a Department of Chemistry , Texas Southern University , Houston , Texas , USA.

Abstract

Women are exposed to several chemical additives including azo dyes that exist in textile materials, which are a potential health hazard for consumers. Our objective was to analyze suspected carcinogenic azo dyes and their degradation aromatic amines in women underwear panties using a fast and simple method for quantification. Here, we evaluated 120 different samples of women underwear for their potential release of aromatic amines to the skin. Seventy-four samples yielded low level mixtures of aromatic amines; however eighteen samples were found to produce greater than 200 mg/kg (ppm) of aromatic amines. Azo dyes in these 18 samples were extracted from the fabrics and analyzed by reverse phase thin layer chromatography in tandem with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Eleven azo dyes were identified based on their mass spectral data and the chemical structure of the aromatic amine produced from these samples. We demonstrate that planar chromatography and mass spectrometry can be really helpful in confirming the identity of the azo dyes, offering highly relevant molecular information of the responsible compounds in the fabrics. With the growing concern about the consumer goods, analysis of aromatic amines in garments has become a highly important issue.

KEYWORDS:

Aromatic amines; HPTLC/MS; carcinogens; dermal toxicity; fabrics; women underwear

PMID:
27149414
PMCID:
PMC5991632
DOI:
10.1080/10934529.2016.1170446
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center