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J Atr Fibrillation. 2013 Oct 31;6(3):899. doi: 10.4022/jafib.899. eCollection 2013 Oct-Nov.

Electrophysiological Evaluation of Thoracoscopic Pulmonary Vein Isolation.

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Department of Cardiology,Academic Medical Center/University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery,Academic Medical Center/University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Although the majority of patients with atrial fibrillation and an indication for non-pharmacological therapy is treated with catheter ablation, thoracoscopic surgery is an emerging technique that aims at combining the results of the classic Cox Maze operation with a less invasive approach. Recurrences after thoracoscopic surgery have been mainly ascribed to incomplete ablation lines, but literature on electrophysiological confirmation of thoracoscopic pulmonary vein isolation is limited. Currently, surgical confirmation of uni- or bidirectional conduction block may be hampered by insufficient resolution of the mapping material available. Additionally uncertainty remains on the precise lesions sets required, and how to tailor them to individual patients. In hybrid procedures, electrophysiologists and surgeons join forces to combine their expertise and skills which may lead to increased procedural success rates by minimizing the chance of incomplete PV isolation or absence of conduction block across an alternative ablation line. Here we describe techniques for thoracoscopic mapping and present a literature review.

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