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Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2015 Aug;39(230):91-5.

[The costs of asthma in Poland in 2012].

[Article in Polish]

Author information

Department of Immunology and Clinical Alergology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of National Defense, Military Institute of Medicine in Warsaw, Poland.
HTA Consulting sp. z o.o. sp. k., Kraków, Poland.


The costs incurred for treatment of patients with asthma are an important part of health care in the budget of each country. The aim of the study was to evaluate the direct and indirect costs of asthma in Poland. The study was based on questionnaires completed by professionals--allergists and pneumonologists of 13 centers in which is conducted the diagnosis and treatment of asthma.


The costs of asthma were determined from the payer perspective (NHF) and from the perspective of social security (ZUS). The study evaluated the direct costs of one patient with asthma in 2012, and indirect costs, as measured by human capital or friction costs. The study involved 128 people, including 84 women and 44 men, mean age 51.04+/11.41 years.


Among the most frequent concomitant diseases: allergic rhinitis (93.75%), gastro-oesophageal reflux (38.54%), urticaria (16.67%), atopic dermatitis (21.88%) were present. The average monthly cost of drugs in 2012 amounted to PLN 251.32 (61.29 EURO, 2012 EURO 1 year=4.1 PLN), including patient,s copayment amounted to PLN 65.48 (EUR 15.97). The study showed that the direct cost per patient was 3240,88 PLN (790,46 EURO,). The Indirect cost, calculated using the human capital was for an average PLN 17,579.18 (4287.6 EURO) per patient, and using the method of friction costs was PLN 5974.06 (EUR 1,457.2).


Estimating the cost of the disease often depends on the adopted method of analysis, but in the study group, a significant advantage of the indirect costs of the disease was observed. The effectiveness of the treatment of asthma in Poland should also be aimed at reducing the indirect costs of illness.


asthma in Poland; direct cost; indirect cost

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