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Int J Hematol. 2006 Apr;83(3):243-6.

Hypereosinophilia in a patient with invasive thymoma with clonal T-lymphocyte expansion expressing CD4, CD8, and CD25 antigens.

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First Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.


We report the case of a patient with hypereosinophilia and invasive thymoma harboring probable clonal proliferation of CD4+, CD8+, and CD25+ T-lymphocytes. A 64-year-old woman had eosinophilia (14.1 x 10(9)/L) and an anterior mediastinal tumor with elevated levels of serum immunoglobulin E (609.8 mg/dL) and interleukin 5 (239 pg/mL). Bone marrow aspirate showed marked infiltration by morphologically normal eosinophils with a normal karyotype but no FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene. Flow cytometric analysis revealed an increasing number of CD3+/CD25+ lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, and the resected thymoma had infiltrated lymphocytes with CD4/CD8/CD25 antigens. Moreover, the thymoma had T-cell receptor rearrangements with a cytogenetically clonal nature, ie, t(2;4)(p22;q26). Although the number of patients with thymoma showing hypereosinophilia is small, this case suggests that a subset of patients with thymoma may have clonal expansion of T-lymphocytes with abnormal phenotypes that affect clinical manifestations, including hypereosinophilia.

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