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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2005 May;288(5):G943-9. Epub 2005 Jan 27.

GLP-1 reduces intestinal lymph flow, triglyceride absorption, and apolipoprotein production in rats.

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Department of Pathology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45237, USA.


Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a gastrointestinal hormone secreted in response to meal ingestion by enteroendocrine L cells located predominantly in the lower small intestine and large intestine. GLP-1 inhibits the secretion and motility of the upper gut and has been suggested to play a role in the "ileal brake." In this study, we investigated the effect of recombinant GLP-1-(7-36) amide (rGLP-1) on lipid absorption in the small intestine in intestinal lymph duct-cannulated rats. In addition, the effects of rGLP-1 on intestinal production of apolipoprotein (apo) B and apo A-IV, two apolipoproteins closely related to lipid absorption, were evaluated. rGLP-1 was infused through the jugular vein, and lipids were infused simultaneously through a duodenal cannula. Our results showed that infusion of rGLP-1 at 20 caused a dramatic and prompt decrease in lymph flow from 2.22 +/- 0.15 (SE) ml/h at baseline (n = 6) to 1.24 +/- 0.06 ml/h at 2 h (P < 0.001). In contrast, a significant increase in lymph flow was observed in the saline (control) group: 2.19 +/- 0.20 and 3.48 +/- 0.09 ml/h at baseline and at 6 h of lipid infusion, respectively (P < 0.001). rGLP-1 also inhibited intestinal triolein absorption (P < 0.05) and lymphatic apo B and apo A-IV output (P < 0.05) but did not affect cholesterol absorption. In conclusion, rGLP-1 dramatically decreases intestinal lymph flow and reduces triglyceride absorption and apo B and apo A-IV production. These findings suggest a novel role for GLP-1 in lipid absorption.

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