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See 1 citation in 2017 by Martinez-acuna N:

Biosens Bioelectron. 2018 Feb 15;100:176-183. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2017.09.001. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

Effect of HPV16 L1 virus-like particles on the aggregation of non-functionalized gold nanoparticles.

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Laboratorio de Terapia Génica, Departamento de Genética y Biología Molecular, México.
Laboratorio Avanzado de Nanoscopía Electrónica (LANE), Centro de Investigación y de EstudiosAvanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ciudad de México D.F., México.
R,D & Innovation Department, Genes2Life S.A.P.I. de C.V., Irapuato, Guanajuato, México.
Laboratorio de Terapia Génica, Departamento de Genética y Biología Molecular, México. Electronic address:


Colorimetric assays based on gold nanoparticles (GNPs) are of considerable interest for diagnostics because of their simplicity and low-cost. Nevertheless, a deep understanding of the interaction between the GNPs and the intended molecular target is critical for the development of reliable detection technologies. The present report describes the spontaneous interaction between HPV16 L1 virus-like particles (VLPs) and non-functionalized GNPs (nfGNPs) resulting in the inhibition of nfGNPs salt-induced aggregation and the stabilization of purified VLPs. Ionic-competition experiments suggested that the nature of nfGNPs-VLPs interaction is non-covalent. Adsorption of an RNA aptamer on nfGNPs surface showed an additive aggregation-inhibitory effect. The use of mutant VLPs confirmed that the interaction nfGNPs-VLPs is not mediated by the opposing superficial electrostatic charges, suggesting that non-electrostatic forces participate in the arrangement of nfGNPs on the VLPs surface. Competition experiments using increasing ethanol concentrations on nfGNPs-VLPs complexes suggested hydrophobic interactions as the main stabilizing force. Therefore, the nfGNPs-VLPs interaction described here should facilitate the development of adsorption assays based on nfGNPs for HPV detection and cervical cancer prevention.


Binding; Gold nanoparticles; HPV; Molecular interaction; Papillomavirus; Viral proteins; Virus-like particles

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