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Ann Med. 2009;41(7):522-32. doi: 10.1080/07853890903089453.

Haptoglobin and risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and congestive heart failure in 342,125 men and women in the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk study (AMORIS).

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Department of Preventive Cardiology, Centre of Preventive Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval, Oslo, Norway.



Few studies have analysed the importance of haptoglobin (Hp) as a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, and heart failure (HF) in large healthy populations.


We examined Hp as risk factor for AMI, stroke, and HF in the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk (AMORIS) Study and compared its predictive strength with that of total serum cholesterol (TC).


Prospective study (11.8 years) of AMI, stroke, and HF through linkage with Swedish hospital discharge and mortality registers with measurements of Hp in 342,125 subjects.


Hp is a significant risk factor of AMI, stroke, and HF. Relationships were stronger for men than women with regard to stroke and HF, but not AMI. Hp was almost as predictive as TC for AMI and about equally predictive of stroke with a stronger relationship to ischaemic than haemorrhagic stroke. A 4.2-fold increase in risk of AMI was observed comparing subjects in the joint lower quartiles of TC and Hp to those in the upper. For stroke, the risk increase was 2-fold, and 1.5-fold for HF.


The inflammation marker Hp carried as much additional predictive information value on AMI and stroke as TC. Hp was also a risk factor of HF.

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