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J Biol Chem. 2005 Nov 11;280(45):37495-502. Epub 2005 Sep 2.

ERK1/2-activated de novo Mapkapk2 synthesis is essential for osteogenic growth peptide mitogenic signaling in osteoblastic cells.

Author information

1
Bone Laboratory, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

In osteoblasts, the mitogen-activated protein kinases ERK1/2 and p38 as well as the cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) have been implicated in the regulation of proliferation and differentiation. The osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) is a 14-mer bone cell mitogen that increases bone formation and trabecular bone density and stimulates fracture healing. OGP-(10-14) is the physiologically active form of OGP. Using gene array analysis, real-time reverse transcription-PCR, and immunoblot and DNA synthesis assays we show here that in MC3T3 E1 and newborn mouse calvarial osteoblastic cultures the OGP-(10-14) mitogenic signaling is critically dependent on de novo synthesis of mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (Mapkapk2) mRNA and protein. The increase in Mapkapk2 occurs following short term (5-60 min) stimulation of ERK1/2 activity by OGP-(10-14); phosphorylation of p38 remains unaffected. Downstream of Mapkapk2, CREB is phosphorylated on Ser(133) leading to its enhanced transcriptional activity. That these events are critical for the OGP-(10-14) mitogenic signaling is demonstrated by blocking the effects of OGP-(10-14) on the ERK1/2 pathway, Mapkapk2, CREB, and DNA synthesis using the MEK inhibitor PD098059. The OGP-(10-14) stimulation of CREB transcriptional activity and DNA synthesis is also blocked by Mapkapk2 siRNA. These data define a novel mitogenic signaling pathway in osteoblasts whereby ERK1/2 stimulation of CREB phosphorylation and transcriptional activity as well as DNA synthesis are critically dependent on de novo Mapkapk2 synthesis.

PMID:
16150701
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M503861200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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