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J Orthop Sci. 2003;8(1):102-8.

Enhanced expression of Runx2/PEBP2alphaA/CBFA1/AML3 during fracture healing.

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Department of Pathology, Osaka University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.


The cause of the dramatic increase in expression of the osteopontin gene during fracture healing was studied in a mouse experimental model. Semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Northern blotting, and in situ hybridization analysis showed that the enhanced expression took place prior to callus formation. The change in the expression pattern of collagenous and noncollagenous bone matrix proteins in addition to Ets-1 and Runx2, major transcription factors of osteopontin, were examined and compared to that of osteopontin. Although Ets-1 expression showed no significant change during fracture healing, enhanced expression of Runx2 corresponding to that of osteopontin was observed. Furthermore, in situ hybridization demonstrated that osteopontin-expressing cells also express the Runx2 gene. The results indicated the possibility that Runx2 is a major regulator of osteopontin during fracture healing.

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