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Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2010 Nov;42(11):801-6. doi: 10.1093/abbs/gmq086. Epub 2010 Oct 6.

Osteogenic growth peptide enhances the proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells from osteoprotegerin-deficient mice by CDK2/cyclin A.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.


To promote bone formation is one of the fundamental strategies in osteoporosis treatment and fractures repair. As one of the stimulators on bone formation, osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) increases both proliferation and differentiation of the osteoblasts in vitro and in vivo, in which osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been suggested being involved. In this study, we evaluated the effects of OGP on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from OPG-deficient mice in vitro by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and western blot analysis. Results showed that OGP stimulated MSC proliferation and increased the expression of CDK2 and cyclin A in MSCs both at mRNA and protein levels. However, no differentiative effect of OGP was shown as ALP activity and the expression levels of Runx2 and Osterix were not increased significantly by OGP. Our study suggested that OGP may increase the bone formation in OPG-deficient mice by stimulating MSC proliferation rather than differentiation, and probably by triggering CDK2/cyclin A pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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