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J Endod. 2010 Jan;36(1):78-82. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2009.09.011.

Gene expression analysis of acutely traumatized pulps.

Author information

1
Department of Pulp Biology and Endodontics, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan. tomoendo@tmd.ac.jp

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Vertical root fracture of vital teeth is a relatively rare occurrence. To address early molecular biologic events that take place in the pulp of such cases, we measured mRNA expression levels of selected molecules related to nociception, bacterial pattern recognition, and hard tissue repair/mineralization.

METHODS:

Three extracted roots obtained from vital molars diagnosed as vertical root fracture were used. The samples were first analyzed with light and transmission electron microscopy. Then mRNA expression in the apical (root fractured) and coronal portions of the pulp was analyzed by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or real-time PCR after laser capture microdissection.

RESULTS:

In all the samples, cracks and vital pulp tissue, but not signs of infection and inflammation, were recognized in the apical portion of the fractured root. The gene expression analysis showed that mRNAs of pattern recognition receptors (CD14, Toll-like receptor 2, and Toll-like receptor 4) and neurokinin-1 receptor were equally expressed in both regions of the pulp. On the other hand, mRNA expression levels of hard tissue-associated proteins (osteopontin, osteonectin, and osteocalcin) and calcium channel voltage-dependent alpha 2 delta subunit 1 (CACNA2D1) in the apical portion of the pulp tissue and periodontal ligaments were significantly up-regulated, as compared with those in the coronal portion of the pulp.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the traumatized apical pulp of vertically root-fractured vital teeth, elevated mRNA expression of CACNA2D1, a nociception-related molecule, and proteins related to hard tissue repair/mineralization occurs under noninfectious condition.

PMID:
20003939
DOI:
10.1016/j.joen.2009.09.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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