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See 1 citation in 2018 by Chang and Duell N and Steinberg:

J Youth Adolesc. 2018 May;47(5):1052-1072. doi: 10.1007/s10964-017-0752-y. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA. ntduell@temple.edu.
2
Department of Psychology, Temple University and King Abdulaziz University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
3
Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
4
Department of Human Development and Childhood Studies, Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.
5
Department of Psychology, Università di Roma "La Sapienza", Roma, RM, Italy.
6
Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
7
Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, Kallipoleos, Cyprus.
8
Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
9
Department of Psychology, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
10
Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
11
Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Universidad San Buenaventura, Medellín, Colombia.
12
Department of Psychology, Ateneo de Manila University, Metro Manila, Philippines.
13
Hashemite University and Emirates College for Advanced Education, Al Zafranah, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
14
Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
15
Department of Psychology, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Caserta, CE, Italy.
16
Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Zhuhai Shi, China.

Abstract

Epidemiological data indicate that risk behaviors are among the leading causes of adolescent morbidity and mortality worldwide. Consistent with this, laboratory-based studies of age differences in risk behavior allude to a peak in adolescence, suggesting that adolescents demonstrate a heightened propensity, or inherent inclination, to take risks. Unlike epidemiological reports, studies of risk taking propensity have been limited to Western samples, leaving questions about the extent to which heightened risk taking propensity is an inherent or culturally constructed aspect of adolescence. In the present study, age patterns in risk-taking propensity (using two laboratory tasks: the Stoplight and the BART) and real-world risk taking (using self-reports of health and antisocial risk taking) were examined in a sample of 5227 individuals (50.7% female) ages 10-30 (M = 17.05 years, SD = 5.91) from 11 Western and non-Western countries (China, Colombia, Cyprus, India, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the US). Two hypotheses were tested: (1) risk taking follows an inverted-U pattern across age groups, peaking earlier on measures of risk taking propensity than on measures of real-world risk taking, and (2) age patterns in risk taking propensity are more consistent across countries than age patterns in real-world risk taking. Overall, risk taking followed the hypothesized inverted-U pattern across age groups, with health risk taking evincing the latest peak. Age patterns in risk taking propensity were more consistent across countries than age patterns in real-world risk taking. Results suggest that although the association between age and risk taking is sensitive to measurement and culture, around the world, risk taking is generally highest among late adolescents.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Cross-national; Development; Risk taking

PMID:
29047004
PMCID:
PMC5878702
DOI:
10.1007/s10964-017-0752-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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