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Rheumatol Int. 2017 Jun;37(6):993-997. doi: 10.1007/s00296-017-3695-4. Epub 2017 Mar 14.

Long-term outcomes of treat-to-target strategy in established rheumatoid arthritis: a daily practice prospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2400, Porto Alegre, RS, 90035-002, Brazil. nandrade@hcpa.edu.br.
2
Rheumatology Division, Hospital de Clínicas (HCPA), Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2350/645, Porto Alegre, RS, 90035-903, Brazil. nandrade@hcpa.edu.br.
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2400, Porto Alegre, RS, 90035-002, Brazil.
4
Rheumatology Division, Hospital de Clínicas (HCPA), Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2350/645, Porto Alegre, RS, 90035-903, Brazil.

Abstract

To examine disease activity and physical function after implementation of treat-to-target (T2T) strategy in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over a long-term period. Patients with RA were started on a T2T strategy in 2005 and followed through 2014. Patients were seen every 3-4 months until remission/low disease activity was achieved and every 6 months thereafter. Disease activity was measured by the DAS28 and CDAI, and physical function by the HAQ-DI. Results were presented as all observed data, without imputation for missing values. Changes in disease activity and physical function were evaluated by generalized estimating equations (GEE). Two hundred and twenty-nine patients were included, with a mean (SD) disease duration of 10.6 (7.4) years. Significant improvements were seen in both composite scores during the follow-up period, as demonstrated by DAS28 (β coefficient = 0.19; 95% CI = 0.16-0.21; p < 0.01) and by CDAI (β coefficient = 1.59; 95% CI = 1.84-1.34; p < 0.01). Physical function also improved, as demonstrated by HAQ-DI (β coefficient = 0.03; 95% CI = 0.02-0.04; p < 0.01). Biological therapy was associated with improvement in disease activity and in physical function. Leflunomide was only associated with improvement in physical function. Clinically meaningful reductions of DAS28, CDAI and HAQ-DI were observed in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis from 2005 to 2014. Implementation of new therapeutic options, in the scenario of T2T strategy, was associated with improvement in disease activity and physical function.

KEYWORDS:

Cohort study; Established rheumatoid arthritis; Rheumatoid arthritis; Treat-to-target

PMID:
28293776
DOI:
10.1007/s00296-017-3695-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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