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Alzheimers Res Ther. 2018 Jan 29;10(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s13195-018-0338-2.

Novel botanical drug DA-9803 prevents deficits in Alzheimer's mouse models.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, MassGeneral Institute of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 114 Sixteenth St., Charlestown, MA, 02129, USA.
2
Dong-A ST, Yongin-Si, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Neurology, MassGeneral Institute of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 114 Sixteenth St., Charlestown, MA, 02129, USA. bbacskai@mgh.harvard.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by deposition of amyloid plaques and disruption of neural circuitry, leading to cognitive decline. Animal models of AD deposit senile plaques and exhibit structural and functional deficits in neurons and neural networks. An effective treatment would prevent or restore these deficits, including calcium dyshomeostasis observed with in-vivo imaging.

METHODS:

We examined the effects of DA-9803, a multimodal botanical drug, in 5XFAD and APP/PS1 transgenic mice which underwent daily oral treatment with 30 or 100 mg/kg DA-9803 or vehicle alone. Behavioral testing and longitudinal imaging of amyloid deposits and intracellular calcium in neurons with multiphoton microscopy was performed.

RESULTS:

Chronic administration of DA-9803 restored behavioral deficits in 5XFAD mice and reduced amyloid-β levels. DA-9803 also prevented progressive amyloid plaque deposition in APP/PS1 mice. Elevated calcium, detected in a subset of neurons before the treatment, was restored and served as a functional indicator of treatment efficacy in addition to the behavioral readout. In contrast, mice treated with vehicle alone continued to progressively accumulate amyloid plaques and calcium overload.

CONCLUSIONS:

In summary, treatment with DA-9803 prevented structural and functional outcome measures in mouse models of AD. Thus, DA-9803 shows promise as a novel therapeutic approach for Alzheimer's disease.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer’s disease; Calcium imaging; In vivo; Multiphoton microscopy; Therapeutic

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