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Intervirology. 2012;55(5):333-41. doi: 10.1159/000329987. Epub 2011 Nov 3.

Characterization of infections of human leukocytes by non-polio enteroviruses.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.


To elucidate the detailed susceptibilities of leukocytes to clinically important non-polio enteroviruses (EVs), primary monocytes and various human leukocyte cell lines were infected with coxsackievirus A24 (CVA24), coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3), and enterovirus 70 (EV70). The permissiveness was then assessed by determining virus replication and resultant cytopathic effects. Different EVs varied markedly in their ability to infect leukocyte cell lines. CVB3 replicated effectively in leukocytes of B-cell, T-cell, and monocyte origin, CVA24 in leukocytes of B-cell and monocyte origin, and EV70 in leukocytes of monocyte origin. Primary monocytes, as well as monocyte-derived U-937 cells, were permissive to all three EVs. We observed a positive correlation between cytotoxicity and active virus replication, except in CVB3-infected monocytes. U-937 cells efficiently generated CVB3 progeny virus without severe cellular damage, including cell death. Moreover, infectivity on leukocytes was not absolutely associated with the availability of viral receptors. These findings suggest that the susceptibility of human leukocytes to non-polio EVs may be responsible for virus transport during the viremic phase, particularly to secondary target organs, and that active replication of CVB3 in all human leukocyte lineages leads to greater dissemination, in agreement with the ability of CVB to cause systemic diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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