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Clin Cancer Res. 2014 Sep 1;20(17):4478-87. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-13-3385. Epub 2014 Jun 19.

Association of EGFR expression level and cetuximab activity in patient-derived xenograft models of human non-small cell lung cancer.

Author information

1
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany.
2
Institute of Pathology, University of Witten/Herdecke and HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.
3
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. christopher.stroh@merckgroup.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To explore in a panel of patient-derived xenograft models of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whether high EGFR expression, was associated with cetuximab activity.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

NSCLC patient-derived xenograft models (n=45) were implanted subcutaneously into panels of nude mice and randomization cohorts were treated with either cetuximab, cisplatin, cisplatin plus cetuximab, vehicle control, or else were left untreated. Responses according to treatment were assessed at week 3 by analyzing the relative change in tumor volume and an experimental analogue of the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guidelines. An EGFR IHC score was calculated for each patient-derived xenograft model and response was assessed according to EGFR expression level.

RESULTS:

When tumors were stratified into high and low EGFR expression groups (IHC score threshold 200; scale 0-300), a stronger antitumor activity was seen in the high EGFR expression group compared with the low EGFR expression group in both the cetuximab monotherapy and cisplatin plus cetuximab combination therapy settings. For tumors treated with cisplatin plus cetuximab, the objective response rate was significantly higher in the high EGFR expression group compared with the low EGFR expression group (68% vs. 29%). Objective response rates were similar in high and low expression groups for tumors treated with cisplatin alone (27% vs. 24%, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

Cetuximab activity in NSCLC patient-derived xenograft models was demonstrated clearly only in tumors that expressed high levels of EGFR, as defined by an IHC score of ≥200.

PMID:
24947928
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-13-3385
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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