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Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2016;42(5-6):323-330. Epub 2016 Nov 4.

Screening for Dementia in Primary Care: A Comparison of the GPCOG and the MMSE.

Author information

1
Dementia Collaborative Research Centre, School of Psychiatry, UNSW Australia, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

The General Practitioner Assessment of Cognition (GPCOG) is a brief cognitive test. This study compared the GPCOG to the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the most widely used test, in terms of their ability to detect likely dementia in primary care.

METHODS:

General practitioners across three states in Australia recruited 2,028 elderly patients from the community. A research nurse administered the GPCOG and the MMSE, as well as the Cambridge Examination for Mental Disorders of the Elderly Cognitive Scale-Revised that we used to define likely dementia.

RESULTS:

Overall, the GPCOG and the MMSE were similarly effective at detecting likely dementia. The GPCOG, however, had a higher sensitivity than the MMSE when using published cutpoints.

CONCLUSION:

The GPCOG is an effective screening tool for dementia in primary care. It appears to be a viable alternative to the MMSE, whilst also requiring less time to administer.

PMID:
27811463
DOI:
10.1159/000450992
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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